In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Dokuwiki on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, DokuWiki is considered to be the most versatile open-source Wiki software application which is proven to meet your demanding wiki needs. Using a very familiar interface, allows you to easily scale and optimize using many advanced features. Utilizing files instead of a database, DokuWiki is extremely flexible with the type of system it will run on (no database server required).
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Dokuwiki on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint or elementary OS.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Dokuwiki on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Install the LAMP stack.
A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Installing Dokuwiki on Ubuntu 20.04.
Now we download the latest version of DokuWiki using the following command:
cd /var/www/html wget https://download.dokuwiki.org/src/dokuwiki/dokuwiki-stable.tgz
Unpack the Dokuwiki archive to the document root directory on your server:
tar -xvzf dokuwiki-stable.tgz mv dokuwiki-2020-07-29 dokuwiki
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/dokuwiki chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/dokuwiki
Step 4. Configuring Apache webserver.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
dokuwiki.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/dokuwiki.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/dokuwiki/ ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/dokuwiki/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo a2ensite dokuwiki.conf sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 5. Set up HTTPS.
We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on Nextcloud. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:
sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email email@example.com -d example.com
If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:
sudo apache2ctl -t sudo systemctl reload apache2
Step 6. Accessing DokuWiki Web Interface.
DokuWiki will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
http://server-ip-address/install.php and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Dokuwiki. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Dokuwiki on your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Dokuwiki website.