How To Install Elasticsearch on Debian 11

Install Elasticsearch on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Elasticsearch on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Elasticsearch is the distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine at the heart of the Elastic Stack. Elasticsearch is well-liked and popular amongst sysadmins and developers as it is a mighty search engine based on the Lucene library. It is generally used as the underlying engine/technology that powers applications with complex search features and requirements.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Elasticsearch on a Debian 11 (Bullseye) server.


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 11 (Bullseye).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install Elasticsearch on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install apt-transport-https

Step 2. Installing Java.

Elasticsearch deployment requires that Java 8 or 11 is installed. Run the below commands to install OpenJDK on your system:

sudo apt install default-jdk

Confirm Java installation by checking on the version:

java -version

Step 3. Installing Elasticsearch on Debian 11.

Elasticsearch is not available in the standard Debian 11 repositories, now we add the Elasticsearch APT repository to your system:

wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-7.x.list'

After that, install the Elasticsearch package using apt commands below:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install elasticsearch

Start and enable the Elasticsearch service:

sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch.service --now

To verify and check if Elasticsearch is running, we can execute the following command:

curl -X GET "localhost:9200"

To view the system message that Elasticsearch logs on your system, type the following command:

sudo journalctl -u elasticsearch

Step 4. Configure Elasticsearch.

By default, Elasticsearch listens only to localhost. To change this, open up the configuration file as follows:

sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

Add the following lines at the end of the file:
http.port: 9200

Restart the Elasticsearch service with the following command for changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch

Step 5. Configure Firewall.

Now enable access to port 9200 from the local firewall:

sudo ufw allow 9200

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Elasticsearch. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Elasticsearch on Debian 11 (Bullseye) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Elasticsearch website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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