In this tutorial, we will show you how to install FTP Server on Linux Mint 20. For those of you who didn’t know, FTP stands for “file transfer protocol”, and it allows you to transfer files to a remote computer. The most common FTP server software for Ubuntu is the vsftpd package, which stands for “very secure FTP daemon.” It’s the default FTP package for Ubuntu, and most other Linux distributions as well.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the FTP Server on a Linux Mint 20 (Ulyana).
Install FTP Server on Linux Mint 20 Ulyana
Step 1. Before running the tutorial below, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update
Step 2. Installing the FTP server on Linux Mint systems.
Run the following commands to install the VSFTP server on the Linux Mint 20:
sudo apt install vsftpd
Step 3. Configure the FTP server.
Once installed successfully, we go ahead to configure VSFTPD. The configuration file is located at
sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
Add or uncomment the following lines if already added:
listen=NO anonymous_enable=NO local_enable=YES write_enable=YES local_umask=022 dirmessage_enable=YES use_localtime=YES xferlog_enable=YES connect_from_port_20=YES chroot_local_user=YES secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd/empty pam_service_name=vsftpd user_sub_token=$USER pasv_enable=Yes pasv_min_port=30000 pasv_max_port=30100 allow_writeable_chroot=YES userlist_enable=YES userlist_file=/etc/vsftpd.user_list userlist_deny=NO ssl_tlsv1=YES ssl_sslv2=NO
Save and close the file when done then restart vsftpd service:
sudo systemctl restart vsftpd.service
Step 4. Secure FTP Server with SSL.
Run the following command to generate a self-signed SSL certificate:
sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 3650 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem
Then, open the FTP config file and add SSL path:
sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf
Add the lines:
rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem ssl_enable=YES
Step 5. Configure Firewall.
To open port
21 (FTP command port), port
20 (FTP data port) and
30000-31000 (Passive ports range), run the following commands:
sudo ufw allow 20:21/tcp sudo ufw allow 30000:31000/tcp
Reload the UFW rules by disabling and re-enabling UFW:
sudo ufw disable sudo ufw enable
Step 6. Create FTP User.
We will now create a new user that we will use to log into FTP. In this example, we will create a new user called meilana:
$ sudo useradd -m meilana $ sudo passwd maria New password: Retype new password: passwd: password updated successfully
In order to verify that everything’s working properly, you should store at least one file in meilana’s home directory. This file should be visible when we log in to FTP in the next steps:
sudo bash -c "echo FTP TESTING > /home/ftpuser/FTP-TEST"
Step 7. Test the FTP server on Linux Mint 20.
To test the FTP connection, you will need to install an FTP client in the same or a separate system from where you want to access the FTP server. In our case, we are using FileZilla as an FTP client.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed FTP Server. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the FTP Server on the Linux Mint system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official vsftpd website.