In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Gogs on CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Gogs is a free and open-source self-hosted Git service written in the Go programming language. It is very similar to GitLab and aims to be the easiest and most painless way to set up a self-hosted Git service in your development environment.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Gogs on a CentOS 7 server.
Install Gogs on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum clean all yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP stack server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install the required PHP modules:
yum -y install php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mssql php-snmp php-soap php-tidy curl curl-devel
Step 3. Installing Gogs on CentOS.
First, create a new system user for Gogs:
sudo adduser --home /opt/gogs --shell /bin/bash --comment 'Gogs application' gogs
Next, Download the Gogs binary from the Gogs Github page using the following command:
sudo wget https://github.com/gogs/gogs/releases/download/v0.11.86/linux_amd64.tar.gz tar xvf linux_amd64.tar.gz --strip-components=1 -C /opt/gogs
We will need to change some folders permissions:
sudo chown -R gogs:gogs /opt/gogs/
Next, copy the systemd unit file:
sudo cp /opt/gogs/scripts/systemd/gogs.service /etc/systemd/system/
Open the unit file using your favorite text editor:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/gogs.service
Add the following lines:
[Unit] Description=Gogs After=syslog.target After=network.target After=mariadb.service mysqld.service postgresql.service memcached.service redis.service [Service] # Modify these two values and uncomment them if you have # repos with lots of files and get an HTTP error 500 because # of that ### #LimitMEMLOCK=infinity #LimitNOFILE=65535 Type=simple User=gogs Group=gogs WorkingDirectory=/opt/gogs ExecStart=/opt/gogs web Restart=always Environment=USER=gogs HOME=/opt/gogs # Some distributions may not support these hardening directives. If you cannot start the service due # to an unknown option, comment out the ones not supported by your version of systemd. ProtectSystem=full PrivateDevices=yes PrivateTmp=yes NoNewPrivileges=true [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now, we can restart Gogs so that the changes take place:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl start gogs sudo systemctl enable gogs
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Gogs.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Gogs. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Gogs installation:
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE SCHEMA `gogs` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gogs.* TO 'gogs'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Your-Strong-Password'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> quit;
Step 5. Accessing Gogs.
Gogs will be available on HTTP port 3000 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com:3000/install or http://server-ip:3000/install and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 3000 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Gogs. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Gogs on CentOS 7 systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Gogs website.