How To Install Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Grav is a modern, crazy fast, ridiculously easy, and amazingly powerful flat-file CMS. Grav uses a flat-file database for both its back-end and front-end. The main focus is on speed and simplicity instead of on integrated built-in features, which would increase the complexity of the application.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Grav Content Management System on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install the LAMP stack.

A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now we run the commands below to download the latest version of Grav CMS:

cd /var/www/html
wget https://getgrav.org/download/core/grav-admin/1.7.18
unzip 1.7.18
mv grav-admin grav

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/grav

Step 5. Configuring Apache.

Now we create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘grav.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/grav.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/grav.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/grav.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/grav.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin [email protected]
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/grav/
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
<Directory /var/www/html/grav/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2ensite grav.conf 
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Step 6. Set up HTTPS.

We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on PrestaShop. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email [email protected] -d example.com

If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:

sudo apache2ctl -t
sudo systemctl reload apache2

Step 7. Accessing Grav CMS Web Interface.

Elgg will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to https://your-domain.com/ or https://server-ip-address/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Install Grav CMS on Ubuntu 20.04

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Grav. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Grav Content Management System on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Grav website.

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