In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Habari CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Habari is a free and open-source blog engine written in PHP and currently supports MySQL, SQLite, and PostgreSQL for the database backend and application framework with a modular, object-oriented core.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Habari CMS on a Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) server.
Install Habari CMS on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, and PHP) server.
A Ubuntu 18.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install all required PHP modules:
apt-get install php7.1-cli php7.1-gd php7.1-opcache php7.1-mysql php7.1-json php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-xml php7.1-curl
Step 3. Installing Habari on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
The first thing to do is to go to Habari’s download page and download the latest stable version of Habari, At the moment of writing this article it is version 0.9.2:
wget http://habariproject.org/dist/habari-0.9.2.zip sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/habari sudo unzip habari-0.9.2.zip -d /var/www/html/habari
We will need to change some folders permissions:
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/habari/ sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/habari/
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Habari.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Habari. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Habari installation:
create database habari; grant all privileges on habari.* to habariuser@localhost identified by 'your_password'; flush privileges; exit
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Habari.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘habari.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/habari.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/habari.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/habari.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/habari.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/habari ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory /var/www/html/habari/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
a2ensite habari.conf a2enmod rewrite systemctl restart apache2.service
Step 6. Accessing Habari.
Habari will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://your-domain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Habari. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Habari Content Management System on your Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Habari website.