In this tutorial, we will show you how to install HAProxy on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, HAProxy is one of the most popular open-source load balancing software, which also offers high availability and proxy functionality. It is particularly suited for very high-traffic websites and powers quite a number of the world’s most visited ones.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the HAProxy high-performance TCP/HTTP load balancer on AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Rocky Linux.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: AlmaLinux 8.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Below is our network server. There are 2 web servers running with Apache2 and listening on port 80 and one HAProxy server:
Web Server Details: Server 1: server1.idroot.us 192.168.77.20 Server 2: server2.idroot.us 192.168.77.21 HAProxy Server: HAProxy: haproxy 192.168.77.8
Install HAProxy on AlmaLinux 8
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
sudo dnf update sudo dnf install epel-release
Step 2. Installing HAProxy on AlmaLinux 8.
HAProxy is available in the default AlmaLinux 8 repositories. Now run the following command below to install it:
sudo dnf install haproxy
After the HAProxy is installed, now start the HAProxy service and enable it to start at system reboot:
sudo systemctl start haproxy sudo systemctl enable haproxy
Step 3. Configure HAProxy.
HAProxy has a default path for the configuration file at
/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg .Now modify two sections frontend and backend. In the Frontend section, you will need to define HAProxy IP its port, stats URI and backend name. In the Backend section, you will need to define the load balance algorithm, backend server’s name, IPs, and port:
Modify the following lines:
frontend http_balancer bind 192.168.77.8:80 option http-server-close option forwardfor stats uri /haproxy?stats default_backend Apache_webservers backend apache_webservers mode http balance roundrobin option httpchk HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost:\ localhost server apache1 192.168.77.20:80 check server apache2 192.168.77.21:80 check
Save and close also edit
Uncomment the following lines:
module(load="imudp") input(type="imudp" port="514")
Save and close the file. After that create
haproxy.conf file for rsyslog with the following command:
Add the following lines:
local2.=info /var/log/haproxy-access.log local2.notice /var/log/haproxy-info.log
Then, start the rsyslog service and enable it to start at system reboot:
sudo systemctl start rsyslog sudo systemctl enable rsyslog
Once you have configured HAProxy, its time to restart the service:
sudo systemctl restart haproxy
Step 4. Configure Firewall.
We will add the HAProxy to the AlmaLinux 8 firewall and update the rules with the following commands:
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=8088/tcp --permanent sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Step 5. Configure Backend Servers.
Now we install the Apache server on both backend servers:
sudo apt install httpd
Once the Apache server has been installed, start the Apache service and enable it to start at system reboot:
sudo systemctl start httpd sudo systemctl enable httpd
Then, modify the default
index.html file on both backend servers:
Remove all lines and add the following line:
Welcome Apache Web Server 1
On the second backend, edit the index.html file with the following command below:
Remove all lines and add the following line:
Welcome Apache Web Server 2
Finally, HAProxy is configured to forward all incoming requests to the backend servers based on the load-balancing algorithm. Now, it’s time to check whether HAProxy is working properly or not. Open your web browser and type the HAProxy IP in the URL
http://192.168.77.8. You should see your first Apache Web Server 1, and Next, refresh the same page again, you should see your Apache Web Server 2.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed HAProxy. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the HAProxy high-performance TCP/HTTP load balancer on your AlmaLinux 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official HAProxy website.