How To Install Lighttpd With PHP and MariaDB on CentOS 7

Install Lighttpd With PHP and MariaDB on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Lighttpd with PHP and MariaDB on your CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Lighttpd is a fast and secure web-server that has been optimized for high-performance environments. With a small memory footprint compared to other web-servers, effective management of the CPU-load, and advanced feature set (FastCGI, SCGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting, and many more) Lighttpd is the perfect solution for every server that is suffering load problems.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of LLMP Server (Linux, Lighttpd, MariaDB & PHP) on a CentOS 7 server.

Install Lighttpd With PHP and MariaDB on CentOS 7

Step 1. First, you need to enable the EPEL repository on your system and make sure that all packages are up to date.

yum install epel-release
yum -y update

Step 2. Installing Lighttpd on CentOS 7.

Install Lighttpd using the following command:

yum install lighttpd

To start up Lighttpd webserver, run the commands below:

systemctl start lighttpd.service

Step 3. Installing MariaDB on CentOS 7.

MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, scalable, and reliable SQL server that comes a rich set of enhancements. We will also be using yum to install MariaDB:

yum install mariadb mariadb-server mysql

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:

mysql_secure_installation

To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):

mysql -u root -p

To start the database, run the commands below:

systemctl start mariadb.service

Step 4. Installing PHP on CentOS 7.

Finally, run the commands below to install PHP along with other good-to-have modules:

yum install php php-mysql

You may want to install some other PHP extensions required by your applications. Here is the list:

php-bcmath          : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library
php-cli             : Command-line interface for PHP
php-common          : Common files for PHP
php-dba             : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications
php-devel           : Files needed for building PHP extensions
php-embedded        : PHP library for embedding in applications
php-enchant         : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications
php-fpm             : PHP FastCGI Process Manager
php-gd              : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
php-intl            : Internationalization extension for PHP applications
php-ldap            : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP
php-mbstring        : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling
php-mysql           : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php-mysqlnd         : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
php-odbc            : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases
php-pdo             : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
php-pear.noarch     : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework
php-pecl-memcache   : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
php-pgsql           : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
php-process         : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces
php-pspell          : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces
php-recode          : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library
php-snmp            : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices
php-soap            : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol
php-xml             : A module for PHP applications which use XML
php-xmlrpc          : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

Step 5. Configure firewall on CentOS 7.

Because everything is blocked by default on CentOS 7, you must enable HTTP/HTTPS traffic through the firewall. To enable web traffic, run the commands below:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Lighttpd. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing LLMP Server (Linux, Lighttpd, MariaDB & PHP) in CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Lighttpd, MariaDB, and PHP web site.

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