How To Install Magento on AlmaLinux 8

Install Magento on AlmaLinux 8

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is a popular Open source e-commerce platform from Adobe. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL or MariaDB as a database backend. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Magento eCommerce Platforms on an AlmaLinux 8.

Install Magento on AlmaLinux 8

Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.

sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install epel-release

Step 2. Installing a LAMP server.

An AlmaLinux LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Composer.

Before starting, you will need to install Composer on your server. You can install it with the following command:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Step 4. Installing Magento on AlmaLinux 8.

Now we download the Magento installer from the official page:

cd /var/www/html/
wget https://github.com/magento/magento2/archive/2.3.zip
unzip 2.3.zip
mv magento2-2.3 magento2

Next, change the directory and install all required PHP dependencies using the following command below:

composer update
composer install

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/magento2
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/magento2

Then, run the following command to install the Magento:

cd /var/www/html/magento2/
bin/magento setup:install --admin-firstname="Magento" --admin-lastname="Admin" --admin-email="[email protected]" --admin-user="admin" --admin-password="[email protected]" --db-name="magentodb" --db-host="localhost" --db-user="magentouser" --db-password="password" --language=en_US --currency=USD --timezone=UTC --cleanup-database --base-url=http://"magento.example.com"

Output:

[Progress: 701 / 706]
Installing admin user...
[Progress: 702 / 706]
Caches clearing:
Cache cleared successfully
[Progress: 703 / 706]
Disabling Maintenance Mode:
[Progress: 704 / 706]
Post installation file permissions check...
For security, remove write permissions from these directories: '/var/www/html/magento2/app/etc'
[Progress: 705 / 706]
Write installation date...
[Progress: 706 / 706]
[SUCCESS]: Magento installation complete.
[SUCCESS]: Magento Admin URI: /admin_y3asxt
Nothing to import.

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for NextCloud.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Magento. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE magentodb;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'magentouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-str0nge-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON magentodb.* TO 'magentouser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-str0nge-password' WITH GRANT OPTION;
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Step 5. Configure Apache for Magento.

Now create a new Apache virtual host configuration file for Magento:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/magento.conf

Add the following line:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin [email protected]
ServerName magento.example.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento2/
DirectoryIndex index.php
<Directory /var/www/html/magento2/>
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/magento_error.log
CustomLog /var/log/httpd/magento_access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effect:

systemctl restart httpd.service

Step 6. Configure Firewall.

Allow the firewall to HTTP and HTTPS and reload it with the following commands:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 7. Accessing Magento Web Interface.

Once complete step by step installation, navigate your browser to your server URL http://magento.example.com/admin_y3asxt. You should see the following page:

Install Magento on AlmaLinux 8

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce software on your AlmaLinux 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Magento website.

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