How To Install Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Moodle is an Open Source Course Management System (CMS), also known as a Learning Management System (LMS) or a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It has become very popular among educators around the world as a tool for creating online dynamic websites for their students. Moodle brings features to include assignment submission, online quizzes, wiki, grading, instant messages, discussion boards, and others. But since it’s modular software, it can be extended via plugins to add extra functionality.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install LEMP server.

A Ubuntu 20.04 LEMP server is required. If you do not have LEMP stack installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Moodle on Ubuntu 20.04.

Use the commands below to download the latest version of Moodle:

wget -c https://download.moodle.org/download.php/direct/stable39/moodle-latest-39.tgz
sudo tar -zvxf moodle-latest-39.tgz -C /var/www/html/
ls /var/www/html/

We will need to change some folders permissions:

sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/moodle
sudo chmod 775 -R /var/www/html/moodle

Next, create the Moodle data directory, a place where Moodle can save uploaded files and set its permissions:

sudo mkdir -p /var/moodledata
sudo chmod 775 -R /var/moodledata
sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /var/moodledata

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Moodle.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Moodle. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Moodle installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE moodle;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE,CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES,DROP,INDEX,ALTER ON moodle.* TO 'moodleadmin'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> quit;

Step 5. Configuring Moodle.

Now we create the Moodle main configuration file from the sample configuration file provided with the package:

cd /var/www/html/moodle/
sudo cp config-dist.php config.php
sudo nano config.php

Look for the database configuration section, then configure the database where all Moodle data will be stored:

$CFG->dbtype    = 'mariadb';       // 'pgsql', 'mariadb', 'mysqli', 'sqlsrv' or 'oci'
$CFG->dblibrary = 'native';        // 'native' only at the moment
$CFG->dbhost    = 'localhost';     // eg 'localhost' or 'db.isp.com' or IP
$CFG->dbname    = 'moodle';        // database name, eg moodle
$CFG->dbuser    = 'moodleadmin';   // your database username
$CFG->dbpass    = 'Secur3P@zzwd';  // your database password
$CFG->prefix    = 'mdl_';          // prefix to use for all table names

Also, configure the Moodle website location as well as the location of the Moodle data directory:

$CFG->wwwroot   = 'http://learning.idroot.us';
$CFG->dataroot  = '/var/moodledata'; as shown.

Step 6. Configuring Nginx Web server.

Now we create a new virtual host directive in Nginx, Go to the directory /etc/nginx/conf.d/:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/moodle.conf
server{
   listen 80;
    server_name learning.idroot.us;
    root        /var/www/html/moodle;
    index       index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
    }

    location ~ ^(.+\.php)(.*)$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(.*)$;
        fastcgi_index           index.php;
        fastcgi_pass           unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
        include                 /etc/nginx/mime.types;
        include                 fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param           PATH_INFO       $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param           SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
}
}

Now, we can restart the Nginx web server so that the changes take place:

nginx-t
sudo systemctl restart nginx

Step 6. Accessing Moodle Web Interface.

Moodle will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to http://learning.idroot.us or https://server-ip-address and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Moodle. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Moodle Learning Management System on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS  Focal Fossa. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Moodle website.

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