In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MySQL on Linux Mint 19. For those of you who didn’t know, MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. MySQL is one of the most popular open-source database management systems. MySQL is written in C and C++ and is compatible with all major operating systems. MySQL can be used for a variety of applications but is most commonly found on web servers.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of MySQL on a Linux Mint 19 (Tricia) server.
Install MySQL on Linux Mint 19 Tricia
Step 1. Before running the tutorial below, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update
Step 2. Installing MySQL on Linux Mint.
sudo apt install mysql-server
After installing, the commands below can be used to stop, start and enable MySQL service to always start up when the server boots:
sudo systemctl stop mysql sudo systemctl start mysql sudo systemctl enable mysql
Step 3. Securing MySQL.
After the installation of MySQL is complete, you may need to secure your new MySQL. By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
To log in to MySQL, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MySQL database):
mysql -u root -p
One of the most important things when running MySQL on a production server is to get the most out of its performances. If you are a beginner and you do not know how to tune your MySQL server, you can start with a program called MySQLTuner. It will help you to analyze your server and to tune MySQL for better overall performance.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed MySQL. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of MySQL Server on the Linux Mint system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MySQL website.