In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MySQL on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, MySQL is an open-source, cross-platform, and one of the most widely used Relational Database Management Systems (RDMS) distributed by the Oracle Corporation. MySQL has been in production use for over 20 years and is considered one of the most secure and reliable database systems.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of MySQL 8 on Rocky Linux. 9.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Rocky Linux 9.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install MySQL on Rocky Linux 9
Step 1. The first step is to update your system to the latest version of the package list. To do so, run the following commands:
sudo dnf check-update sudo dnf install dnf-utils
Step 2. Installing MySQL Database on Rocky Linux 9.
By default, MySQL is available on Rocky Linux 9 base repository. Now run the following command below to install the latest version of MySQL to your system:
sudo dnf install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
Next, start the MySQL service and enable it to automatically start on boot by running the following command below:
sudo systemctl enable --now mysqld sudo systemctl start mysqld sudo systemctl status mysqld
Verify the build of the version of MySQL:
Step 3. Securing MySQL.
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Step 4. Accessing the MySQL.
Once secured, you can test the connection to your MySQL server:
mysql -u root -p
mysqlis the name of the command you are using to connect to the MySQL server.
-uroot tells MariaDB that you want to log in as the root user.
-pensures that you are prompted to enter your password before the MySQL shell will connect.
You will see your MySQL console:
Enter password: Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 15 Server version: 8.0.31 MySQL Community Server - GPL Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql>
Congratulations! You have successfully installed MySQL. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the MySQL database on your Rocky Linux 9 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official MySQL website.