In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Nextcloud is an open-source self-hosted file sync and share application (Calendar, Contacts, Documents, Email, and more). The developers at Nextcloud are doing their best to give the users a more secure platform, fewer bugs, and overall a better product.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Nextcloud on a Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint or elementary OS.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Install the LAMP stack.
A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Installing Nextcloud on Ubuntu 20.04.
Now we download the latest version of Nextloud:
Unpack the Nextcloud archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip nextcloud-20.0.0.zip mv nextcloud /var/www/html
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Nextcloud.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. You should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB.
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for Nextcloud. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Nextcloud installation:
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong_password'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> \q
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Nextcloud.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
nextcloud.conf’ on your virtual server:
touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nextcloud.conf nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/nextcloud/" ServerName your-domain.com ServerAlias www.your-domain.com <Directory "/var/www/html/nextcloud/"> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:
sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf sudo systemctl restart apache2.service
Step 6. Set up HTTPS.
We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on Nextcloud. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (Certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:
sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email email@example.com -d example.com
If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:
sudo apache2ctl -t sudo systemctl reload apache2
Step 7. Accessing Nextcloud Web Interface.
Nextcloud will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
https://server-ip-address/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel. What you do with Nextcloud is up to you. You can add new modules or just use it as cloud-based file sync and share. You can install the Android app and even make use of the ownCloud desktop clients (they’ll work fine with Nextcloud).
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Nextcloud. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Nextcloud personal cloud storage on your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Nextcloud website.