In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Snap on Debian 12. Snap is a cutting-edge packaging format that offers numerous benefits over traditional package management systems. With Snap, applications and their dependencies are bundled together, ensuring seamless installation, easy updates, and secure isolation. Unlike traditional systems, Snap allows for sandboxed installations, enhanced security, and straightforward package maintenance.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Snap on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
- An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Snap.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Snap on Debian 12 Bookworm
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update
This command will refresh the repository, allowing you to install the latest versions of software packages.
Step 2. Installing Snapd on Debian 12.
Snapd is the daemon that manages snaps on Debian 12. To install Snapd, run the following command:
sudo apt install snapd
You can also install the Snap Store GUI to make it easier to browse and install packages. To install the Snap Store GUI, run the following command:
sudo snap install snap-store
Once the installation completes, you’ll need to start and enable the Snapd service. Run the following command:
sudo systemctl enable --now snapd.socket
Step 3. Basic Snap Commands.
Familiarize yourself with the fundamental Snap commands for managing applications. These commands will allow you to find, install, update, and remove Snaps efficiently. Here are some examples:
- Finding Snaps:
To search for available Snaps, use the following command:
snap find <search_term>
- Installing Snaps:
Install a specific Snap by running:
sudo snap install <snap_name>
For example, to install the Slack package, run the following command:
sudo snap install slack
- Updating Snaps:
Keep your installed Snaps up-to-date with:
sudo snap refresh <snap_name>
- Removing Snaps:
Uninstall a Snap using:
sudo snap remove <snap_name>
Step 4. Working with Snap Channels.
Snap offers different release channels for applications, including stable, candidate, beta, and edge. These channels provide varying levels of stability and access to new features. To switch between channels, use the “snap refresh” command with the appropriate channel flag. For example:
sudo snap refresh <snap_name> --channel=<channel_name>
Step 5. Installing Classic Snaps.
While Snap primarily focuses on sandboxed applications, some Snaps require classic confinement for full system access. To enable classic mode, execute:
sudo snap install --classic <snap_name>
Step 6. Troubleshooting Snap Installation Issues.
While Snap installation is usually straightforward, issues may arise. Here are some common problems and their solutions:
“Error: cannot communicate with server”: Ensure that the snapd service is running correctly. Restart it using the following command:
sudo systemctl restart snapd.service
- “Snap command not found”: Verify that the snapd package is installed correctly. Reinstall it using:
sudo apt install --reinstall snapd
- “Permission denied” errors: Check if your user account is added to the “snapd” group. Add it with:
sudo usermod -aG snapd <your_username>
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Snap. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of Snap on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Snap website.