How To Install TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, TYPO3 is an enterprise open source content management system based on PHP. It’s intended for ease of use to allow owners and enterprises to create powerful and dynamic content websites. If you’re looking for a functional, higher performance content management system to manage your websites or blogs and 100% free, then you’ll find TYPO3 to be helpful.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of TYPO3 CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install the LAMP stack.

A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now we download the latest version of TYPO3 from their official website:

curl -L -o typo3_src.tgz https://get.typo3.org/10.4.9
tar -xvzf typo3_src.tgz
mv typo3_src-10.4.9 /var/www/html/typo3

We will need to change some folders permissions:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/typo3
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/typo3

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for TYPO3.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set the root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the TYPO3. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server, you need to create a database for TYPO3 installation:

CREATE DATABASE typo3db;
CREATE USER 'typo3user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Y0ur-Passwd';
GRANT ALL ON typo3db.* TO 'typo3user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Step 5. Configure Apache for TYPO3.

Create an Apache virtual host configuration file to host TYPO3 CMS. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘typo.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/typo.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/typo.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/typo.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/typo.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@example.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/typo3
ServerName your-domain.com
ServerAlias www.example.com
<Directory /var/www/html/typo3/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
allow from all
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

sudo a2ensite typo3.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Set up HTTPS.

We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on Nextcloud. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email you@example.com -d example.com

If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:

sudo apache2ctl -t
sudo systemctl reload apache2

Step 7. Accessing TYPO3 CMS.

TYPO3 CMS will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to https://your-domain.com/ or https://server-ip-address/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed TYPO3. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing TYPO3 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official TYPO3 website.

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