How To Install WordPress on Fedora 35

Install WordPress on Fedora 35

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install WordPress on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, WordPress is a simple content management system based on PHP and MariaDB. It is also an open-source software you can use to create a beautiful website, blog, or app. WordPress has many features that simplify the setup and customization of a website or blog, which is part of what makes it so popular.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of WordPress on a Fedora 35.

Prerequisites

  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Fedora 34 or Fedora 35.
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • A non-root sudo useror access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install WordPress on Fedora 35

Step 1. Before proceeding, update your Fedora operating system to make sure all existing packages are up to date. Use this command to update the server packages:

sudo dnf upgrade
sudo dnf update

Step 2. Installing a LAMP server.

Before installing WordPress on your server, you need to learn how to install LAMP on a Fedora Server.

Step 3. Installing WordPress on Fedora 35.

By default, WordPress is not available on Fedora 35 base repository. Now download the latest version of WordPress from the official page using wget the command:

wget -O /tmp/wordpress.tar.gz https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

Next, unzip the downloaded WordPress file:

tar -xzvf /tmp/wordpress.tar.gz -C /var/www/html

We will change the permissions directory:

chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/html/wordpress
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/wordpress

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for WordPress. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for WordPress installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE wordpress_db;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'wordpress_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress_db.* to wordpress_user@'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Then, set the WordPress default configuration file named wp-config.php:

nano /var/www/html/wordpress/wp-config.php

Add the following configuration:

define( 'DB_NAME', 'wordpress_db' );

/** MySQL database username */
define( 'DB_USER', 'wordpress_user' );

/** MySQL database password */
define( 'DB_PASSWORD', 'your-strong-password!' );

/** MySQL hostname */
define( 'DB_HOST', 'localhost' );

Save and close the file.

Step 5. Configure Apache.

We will create an Apache virtual host for your Drupal website. First, create ‘/etc/httpd/conf.d/wordpress.conf’ file with using your favorite text editor:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/wordpress.conf

Add the following file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerName mysite.com
     ServerAlias www.your-domain.com
     ServerAdmin admin@your-domain.com
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress/

     <Directory /var/www/html/wordpress>
            Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteBase /
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
            RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php?q=$1 [L,QSA]
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Save and close the file, then restart the Apache service for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd

Step 6. Secure Apache with Let’s Encrypt SSL Free Certificate

First, we install Certbot using the following command below:

sudo dnf install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Then, install the SSL certificate for Apache as below:

sudo certbot --apache

Proceed to an interactive prompt and install the certificate. If the certificate is installed you will see the below congratulatory message:

Congratulations! You have successfully enabled HTTPS on https://your-domain.com
NEXT STEPS:
- The certificate will need to be renewed before it expires. Certbot can automatically renew the certificate in the background, but you may need to take steps to enable that functionality. See https://certbot.org/renewal-setup for instructions.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:
 * Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
 * Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Step 7. Configure Firewall.

Allow the firewall to HTTP and HTTPS and reload it with the following commands:

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 8. Accessing WordPress Web Interface.

Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the WordPress CMS using the URL https://your-domain.com. You will be redirected to the following page:

Congratulations! You have successfully installed WordPress. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing WordPress CMS on your Fedora 35 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official WordPress website.

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