DebianDebian Based

How To Install XWiki on Debian 12

Install XWiki on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install XWiki on Debian 12. For those of you who didn’t know, XWiki is a powerful and versatile open-source collaboration platform that allows teams to create, organize, and share knowledge effectively.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the XWiki system on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
  • An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for XWiki.
  • A non-root sudo user or access to the root user. We recommend acting as a non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.

Install XWiki on Debian 12  Bookworm

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing OpenJDK.

Now we install the default OpenJDK package using the following command below:

sudo apt install default-jdk

Confirm that Java is installed correctly by running the following command:

java -version

For additional resources on installing Java, read the post below:

Step 3. Installing XWiki on Debian 12.

By default, XWiki is not available on the Debian 12 base repository. So, now we need to add the repo and the GPG key since they are not added in the default repo of Debian 12:

wget -O /usr/share/keyrings/xwiki-keyring.gpg
wget "" -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/xwiki-stable.list

After the repository is updated, you can install the latest version of XWiki using the following command:

sudo apt install xwiki-tomcat9-mariadb

During the installation, on the first window, hit Yes. It is for MySQL confirmation.

Install XWiki on Debian 12 Bookworm

Select Yes and hit Enter. You will need to set a password for the XWiki database as shown below:

Install XWiki on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 4. Configure Nginx for XWiki.

Now we run the following command below to install Nginx to your Debian system:

sudo apt install nginx

After the installation is complete, start Nginx and add it to automatically start on your system start-up using:

sudo systemctl start nginx
sudo systemctl enable nginx

Verify the installation:

nginx -v

Now create an Nginx configuration file and set up the reverse proxy so you can access it via the domain name:

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/xwiki.conf

Add the following lines of code:

server {
    listen       80;
    charset utf-8;
    client_max_body_size 64M;

    root /var/www/html;

    location /
        rewrite ^ $scheme://$server_name/xwiki$request_uri? permanent;

    location ^~ /xwiki
       proxy_pass    ;
       proxy_cache             off;
       proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
       proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
       proxy_set_header        Host $host;
       proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
       expires                 $expires;

Save and close the file then activate the Nginx virtual host with the following command:

sudo systemctl restart nginx

Step 5. Configure Firewall.

If you have an active firewall, open the necessary ports to allow incoming connections to XWiki. For example, to enable HTTP and HTTPS access, use the following commands:

sudo ufw allow OpenSSH
sudo ufw allow 'Nginx Full'
sudo ufw enable

Step 6. Accessing XWiki Web Interface.

Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the XWiki Web UI using the URL You will be redirected to the following page:

Install XWiki on Debian 12


Congratulations! You have successfully installed XWiki. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the XWiki on Debian 12 (Bookworm). For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official XWiki website.

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r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
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