In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Zabbix on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Zabbix, a renowned open-source monitoring solution, plays a pivotal role in maintaining the health and performance of your network infrastructure.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Zabbix open-source monitoring tool on Rocky Linux 9 or RHEL-based.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Rocky Linux 9.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
- An active internet connection. You’ll need an internet connection to download the necessary packages and dependencies for Zabbix.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Zabbix on Rocky Linux 9
Step 1. The first step is to update your system to the latest version of the package list. To do so, run the following commands:
sudo dnf update sudo dnf upgrade
Step 2. Installing Dependencies.
Begin by installing the required dependencies for Zabbix:
sudo dnf install epel-release sudo dnf install httpd wget mariadb-server mariadb php php-common php-mysqlnd php-gd php-xml php-mbstring php-bcmath php-json php-ldap php-pear php-xmlrpc php-ldap php-net-ldap2 php-gd php-gettext -y
Now, start and enable the Apache and MariaDB services:
sudo systemctl start httpd mariadb sudo systemctl enable httpd mariadb
Step 3. Configuring MariaDB for Zabbix.
Before creating the Zabbix database, it’s crucial to secure your MariaDB installation. Run the following command to set a secure password for the MariaDB root user:
Next, create Zabbix Database and user:
sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter the MariaDB root password when prompted. Once inside the MariaDB shell, create a database and a dedicated user for Zabbix:
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE zabbixdb character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'zabbixuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password'; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON zabbixdb.* TO 'zabbixuser'@'localhost'; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;
Step 4. Installing Zabbix on Rocky Linux 9.
To install Zabbix, you need to add the official Zabbix repository. Here’s how:
sudo rpm -Uvh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/6.5/rocky/9/x86_64/zabbix-release-6.5-2.el9.noarch.rpm
Now, it’s time to install the Zabbix server, frontend, and agent packages:
sudo dnf install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-agent
Step 5. Database Initialization.
Import the initial database schema for Zabbix into the newly created
sudo zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -u zabbixuser -p zabbixdb
Step 6. Configuring Zabbix Server.
Edit the Zabbix server configuration file to specify the database connection details:
sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
Find the following lines and modify them accordingly:
DBHost=localhost DBName=zabbixdb DBUser=zabbixuser DBPassword=your-strong-password
Step 7. Configuring Zabbix Frontend.
Now edit the Zabbix frontend configuration file:
sudo nano /etc/zabbix/web/zabbix.conf.php
Find and modify the following lines:
$DB['TYPE'] = 'MYSQL'; $DB['SERVER'] = 'localhost'; $DB['PORT'] = '0'; $DB['DATABASE'] = 'zabbixdb'; $DB['USER'] = 'zabbixuser'; $DB['PASSWORD'] = 'your-strong-password';
Finally, start the Zabbix server and enable it to start automatically at boot time by running the following commands:
sudo systemctl start zabbix-server zabbix-agent sudo systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent
Step 8. Accessing the Zabbix Web Interface.
Once successfully installed, open your web browser and navigate to your Rocky Linux server’s IP address or hostname followed by
http://your_server_ip/zabbix). You’ll be greeted with the Zabbix login page.
Use the following default credentials to log in:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Zabbix. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Zabbix monitoring tool on your Rocky Linux 9 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Zabbix website.