In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Cacti on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Cacti is an open-source, web-based network monitoring and graphing tool designed as a front-end application for the open-source, industry-standard data logging tool RRDtool. Cacti gather performance metrics from servers and network devices and graph and store them for reporting and historical analysis.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Cacti monitoring tool on Rocky Linux. 9.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Rocky Linux 9.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Cacti on Rocky Linux 9
Step 1. The first step is to update your system to the latest version of the package list. To do so, run the following commands:
sudo dnf check-update sudo dnf install dnf-utils sudo dnf install net-snmp net-snmp-utils net-snmp-libs rrdtool
Step 2. Installing Apache.
By default, Apache is not available on the Rocky Linux 9 base repository. Now we install the latest version of Apache using
dnf the command:
sudo dnf install httpd httpd-tools
You can start the
httpd service and configure it to run on startup by entering the following commands:
sudo systemctl start httpd sudo systemctl enable httpd sudo systemctl status httpd
To make your pages available to the public, you will have to edit your firewall rules to allow HTTP and HTTPS requests on your web server by using the following commands:
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https sudo firewall-cmd --reload
For additional resources on installing Apache, read the post below:
Step 3. Installing MariaDB.
By default, MariaDB is available on the Rocky Linux 9 base repository. Simply install the MariaDB package by using the
sudo dnf install mariadb-server mariadb
After the installation is completed, start the service of the Database server and then enable the same, so that it could start itself automatically with the system reboot:
sudo systemctl restart mariadb sudo systemctl status mariadb sudo systemctl enable mariadb
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
First, log into the MariaDB shell with the following command:
Now we create a database and user for Cacti with the following command:
MariaDB [(none)]> create database cactidb; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON cactidb.* TO cacti@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'your-strong-password'; MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; MariaDB [(none)]> exit;
Then, import the MySQL test data
timezone.sql file into the MySQL database:
mysql -u root -p mysql < /usr/share/mariadb/mysql_test_data_timezone.sql
After that, log into MySQL and grant cacti user to access the
Once logged in, run the following command to grant access:
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO cacti@localhost; MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges; MariaDB [(none)]> exit;
For additional resources on installing MariaDB Database, read the post below:
Step 4. Installing PHP.
PHP is a popular scripting language that powers the dynamic content of millions of websites and apps. Now we run the commands below to install PHP:
sudo dnf epel-release sudo dnf module enable php:remi-8.1
Once Remi PHP 8.1 module is enabled, you can now install PHP 8.1 and commonly used PHP extensions as follows:
sudo dnf install php php-cli php-fpm php-gd php-curl php-zip php-mbstring php-opcache php-intl php-mysqlnd
Check and verify the installed version:
For additional resources on installing PHP, read the post below:
Step 5. Installing Cacti on Rocky Linux 9.
Now run the following command below to install the Cacti monitoring tool:
sudo dnf install cacti
Then, import the default cacti database tables into the MariaDB cacti database you created above:
mysql -u root -p cactidb < /usr/share/doc/cacti/cacti.sql
Next, edit the Cacti configuration file and define your database settings:
Add the following configuration:
$database_type = 'mysql'; $database_default = 'cactidb'; $database_hostname = 'localhost'; $database_username = 'cacti'; $database_password = 'your-strong-password'; $database_port = '3306'; $database_retries = 5; $database_ssl = false;
Save and close the file, then create a Cron file for Cacti:
Add the following line:
*/5 * * * * apache /usr/bin/php /usr/share/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1
Step 6. Configure Apache.
Now create an Apache virtual host configuration:
Find the following lines:
Alias /cacti /usr/share/cacti <Directory /usr/share/cacti/> <IfModule mod_authz_core.c> # httpd 2.4 Require host localhost </IfModule> <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c> # httpd 2.2 Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from localhost </IfModule> </Directory>
And, Replace them with the following lines:
Alias /cacti /usr/share/cacti <Directory /usr/share/cacti/> <IfModule mod_authz_core.c> # httpd 2.4 Require all granted </IfModule> <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c> # httpd 2.2 Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from all </IfModule> </Directory>
Save and close the file, then restart the Apache and PHP-FPM service to apply the changes:
sudo systemctl restart httpd sudo systemctl restart php-fpm
Step 7. Accessing Cacti Monitoring Web Interface.
Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the Cacti installation wizard using the URL
http://your-ip-address/cacti. You will be redirected to the following page:
Log in with the default credentials shown:
Username: admin Password: admin
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Cacti. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Cacti monitoring tool on your Rocky Linux 9 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Cacti website.