In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Centreon Monitoring on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Centreon is an open-source tool that can monitor your entire infrastructure including network, system, and application. Centreon drives business performance excellence aligning IT operations with business objectives. Using Centreon you can set notifications depending on thresholds, set email alerts, easily add any system for monitoring.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Centreon monitoring on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Fedora, RHEL, CentOS, and Rocky Linux distributions.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: AlmaLinux 8, CentOS, and Rocky Linux 8.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Centreon Monitoring on AlmaLinux 8
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
sudo dnf update sudo dnf install epel-release
Step 2. Disable SELinux on AlmaLinux 8.
You can check the current status of SELinux using the following command:
SELinux status: enabled SELinuxfs mount: /sys/fs/selinux SELinux root directory: /etc/selinux Loaded policy name: targeted Current mode: enforcing Mode from config file: enforcing Policy MLS status: enabled Policy deny_unknown status: allowed Memory protection checking: actual (secure) Max kernel policy version: 16
To permanently set the SELinux mode to permissive, run the following command:
sudo nano /etc/selinux/config
Change the SELINUX value to disabled:
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system. # SELINUX= can take one of these three values: # enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced. # permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing. # disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded. SELINUX=disabled # SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these three values: # targeted - Targeted processes are protected, # minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. # mls - Multi Level Security protection. SELINUXTYPE=targeted
Save the file and reboot the system:
Step 3. Installing Apache on AlmaLinux 8.
Run the following command to install the Apache HTTP server:
sudo dnf install httpd httpd-tools
Once installed Apache services on your system, start all required services:
sudo systemctl enable httpd sudo systemctl start httpd sudo systemctl status httpd
Step 4. Installing PHP on AlmaLinux 8.
PHP is a popular scripting language that powers the dynamic content of millions of websites and apps. Now we run the commands below to install PHP:
sudo dnf install php-cli php-fpm php-mysqlnd php-dom php-simplexml php-xml php-curl php-exif php-ftp php-gd php-iconv php-json php-mbstring php-posix
Verify and check PHP version:
With the new version of Centreon, you have to configure the good timezone of the PHP file. Now you must change create a file to indicate your appropriate timezone:
sudo nano /etc/php.d/php-timezone.ini
Add the following configuration:
date.timezone = Etc/UTC
Next, now increase PHP script execution timeout by editing
sudo nano /etc/php.ini
Add the following file:
max_execution_time = 300 max_input_time = 300
Save the file, enable and restart the PHP-FPM service using the following command below:
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm sudo systemctl restart php-fpm
Step 5. Installing MariaDB on AlmaLinux 8.
MariaDB is a popular database server. The installation is simple and requires just a few steps as shown:
sudo dnf install mariadb-server mariadb
Once the installation is complete, start to enable it to start on system start-up using:
sudo systemctl restart mariadb sudo systemctl status mariadb sudo systemctl enable mariadb
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
To log into MariaDB, use the following command (note that it’s the same command you would use to log into a MariaDB database):
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Centreon installation:
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE centreon_database; MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER ‘centreon_user’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘strong-your-password’; MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON centreon_database.* TO ‘centreon_user’@'localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘strong-your-password’ WITH GRANT OPTION; MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT
Step 6. Installing Centreon Monitoring on AlmaLinux 8.
By default, Centreon is not available on the AlmaLinux base repository. Now we add the Centreon repository to your AlmaLinux system:
sudo dnf install https://yum.centreon.com/standard/21.10/el8/stable/noarch/RPMS/centreon-release-21.10-2.el8.noarch.rpm
After that, install Centreon packages using the following command below:
sudo dnf install centreon centreon-database
Next, set optimized MariaDB configuration for Centreon:
cat /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/centreon.conf [Service] LimitNOFILE=32000
Let’s have a look at the configuration file:
This requires a restart on the MariaDB service:
sudo systemctl daemon-reload sudo systemctl restart mariadb
Before starting the Centreon Web installation process, you need to execute the following commands below:
sudo systemctl start mariadb sudo systemctl start php-fpm sudo systemctl start httpd sudo systemctl start centreon sudo systemctl start cbd sudo systemctl start centengine sudo systemctl start gorgoned sudo systemctl start snmptrapd sudo systemctl start centreontrapd sudo systemctl start snmpd
Step 7. Accessing Centreon Monitoring Web Interface.
Once successfully installed, open your web browser and access the Centreon using the URL
http://your-IP-address/centreon. This will show you the Welcome to Centreon Setup screen as shown below and complete the required steps to finish the installation
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Centreon. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Centreon monitoring on your AlmaLinux 8 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Centreon website.