In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Git on Debian 9 Stretch. For those of you who didn’t know, Git is a free and open-source distributed version control system. Git 2.18.2 comes with a large number of updates versus previous release 2.15. It is designed to handle small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Git on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
Install Git on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing Git on Debian 9 Stretch.
- Method 1. Install Git on Debian from the repository.
sudo apt install git
To verify the installation type the following command:
[firstname.lastname@example.org ~]# git --version git version 2.15.1
- Method 2. Install Git on Debian from Source Code
First, install all prerequisites:
sudo apt update sudo apt install make libssl-dev libghc-zlib-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip sudo wget https://github.com/git/git/archive/v2.18.0.tar.gz -O git.tar.gz sudo tar -xf git.tar.gz cd git-*
Next, compile the previously downloaded git source code and install git binaries:
sudo make prefix=/usr/local all sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
Once the installation is completed verify it by typing the following command:
[email@example.com ~]# git --version git version 2.18.0
Now that you have Git installed it is recommended to set your Git to commit email and username:
git config --global user.name "idroot" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
You can verify the changes with the following command:
[email@example.com ~]# git config --list user.name=idroot firstname.lastname@example.org
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Git. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Git on Debian 9 Stretch system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Git website.