DebianDebian Based

How To Install OpenVAS on Debian 12

Install OpenVAS on Debian 12

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OpenVAS on Debian 12. OpenVAS, short for Open Vulnerability Assessment System, is a powerful open-source vulnerability scanner and manager. It helps organizations identify and manage security vulnerabilities in their networks and systems. OpenVAS is built on the foundation of the popular Nessus scanner and has evolved into a comprehensive solution for vulnerability management.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the OpenVAS on a Debian 12 (Bookworm).


  • A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 12 (Bookworm).
  • It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
  • Accessing the terminal is as simple as opening your terminal emulator. You can usually find it in your application menu or by using a keyboard shortcut, such as Ctrl + Alt + T.
  • Make sure your Debian 12 system is connected to the internet. An active connection is essential for downloading the required packages and updates during the installation.
  • You can either log in as a superuser (root) or use the sudo command before running any administrative tasks. This ensures you have the necessary permissions.

Install OpenVAS on Debian 12 Bookworm

Step 1.  Before installing OpenVAS, it is essential to update your system packages. This ensures that you have the latest security patches and software updates. To update your system packages, execute the following commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Installing Necessary Dependencies.

Next, install the required dependencies for OpenVAS. Run the following commands:

sudo apt install software-properties-common wget gnupg

Step 3. Installing OpenVAS on Debian 12.

To install OpenVAS, you first need to add the OpenVAS repository to your system. Execute the following commands:

wget -q -O - | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/atomicorp-archive-keyring.gpg
echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/atomicorp-archive-keyring.gpg] bookworm main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/atomicorp.list

Update your package list and install the OpenVAS package by running:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install openvas

The installation process involves downloading and installing the necessary OpenVAS components, including the scanner, manager, and web interface. The process may take some time, depending on your system and internet connection.

Step 4. Configuring OpenVAS.

After installing OpenVAS, you need to configure it by running the setup script. Execute the following command:

sudo openvas-setup

This script performs several tasks, including:

  1. Downloading and updating the vulnerability data
  2. Generating SSL certificates
  3. Configuring the OpenVAS services

Step 5. Configuring Firewall Rules.

If you have a firewall enabled on your Debian 12 system, you need to configure the appropriate rules to allow OpenVAS traffic. Assuming you are using the default UFW firewall, run the following commands:

sudo ufw allow 9392/tcp
sudo ufw reload

Step 6. Setting Up Periodic Updates.

To keep your OpenVAS installation up-to-date with the latest vulnerability data, set up a cron job to update the data regularly. Open the crontab editor by running:

sudo crontab -e

Add the following line to the file, which updates the vulnerability data daily at 3:00 AM:

0 3 * * * /usr/sbin/greenbone-nvt-sync >/dev/null 2>&1

Step 7. Using OpenVAS.

A. Starting and Stopping the OpenVAS Service.

To start the OpenVAS service, run:

sudo systemctl start openvas

To stop the service, execute:

sudo systemctl stop openvas

Step 8. Accessing the OpenVAS Web Interface.

Once the OpenVAS service is running, you can access the web interface by navigating to the following URL in your web browser:


Log in using the default credentials:

  • Username: admin
  • Password: (generated during the setup process)

Install OpenVAS on Debian 12 Bookworm

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OpenVAS. Thanks for using this tutorial to install the latest version of OpenVAS on Debian 12 Bookworm. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official OpenVAS website.

VPS Manage Service Offer
If you don’t have time to do all of this stuff, or if this is not your area of expertise, we offer a service to do “VPS Manage Service Offer”, starting from $10 (Paypal payment). Please contact us to get the best deal!


r00t is a seasoned Linux system administrator with a wealth of experience in the field. Known for his contributions to, r00t has authored numerous tutorials and guides, helping users navigate the complexities of Linux systems. His expertise spans across various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. r00t's work is characterized by his ability to simplify complex concepts, making Linux more accessible to users of all skill levels. His dedication to the Linux community and his commitment to sharing knowledge makes him a respected figure in the field.
Back to top button