In this tutorial, we will show you how to install UFW Firewall on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, The default firewall configuration tool for Ubuntu is ufw. Developed to ease iptables firewall setup, ufw provides a user-friendly way to produce an IPv4 or IPv6 host-based antivirus. By default UFW is disabled.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation UFW Firewall on an Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install UFW Firewall on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing UFW Firewall.
In Ubuntu 16.04, UFW is installed by default. If not, you can easily install it by running the following command:
apt-get install ufw
After installation, UFW is deactivated. If you configure your server via SSH, it is important to release SSH before you enable UFW:
ufw allow ssh
Step 3. UFW control.
Attention! The following are examples, please use them only if you know what you are doing!
ufw allow ssh
ufw allow 22
Allow Port Ranges:
ufw allow 1000:2000
ufw deny ssh
ufw deny 22
For more usage commands you can use the –help flag:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed UFW. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing UFW Firewall on your Ubuntu 16.04 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official UFW Firewall website.