In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Vagrant on Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, a Vagrant is an open-source tool for building an entire virtual development environment. Frequently, a test environment is needed for analyzing the latest release and new tools. Also, it reduces the time spent on re-building that your OS. By default, vagrant uses VirtualBox for managing the Virtualization. Vagrant acts as the fundamental configuration for managing/deploying multiple reproducible virtual environments with the same configuration.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of Vagrant on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
Install Vagrant on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running these following apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Installing VirtualBox.
First, Add the VirtualBox repository:
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian stretch contrib'
Next, we need to download and import the Oracle GPG public key to Debian 9 system with the following command:
curl -O https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox_2016.asc
Install the VirtualBox 5, command as follows:
apt-get update apt-get install virtualbox-5.1
Step 3. Installing Vagrant on Debian 9.
This is an unofficial Debian repository for Vagrant, hosted by Wolfgang Faust. Add the repository to your system using the command:
sudo bash -c 'echo deb https://vagrant-deb.linestarve.com/ any main > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/wolfgang42-vagrant.list' sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-key AD319E0F7CFFA38B4D9F6E55CE3F3DE92099F7A4 sudo apt-get update
Once the repo is added, using the following command to install vagrant:
sudo apt-get install vagrant
To verify that the installation was successful, run the following command which will print the Vagrant version:
Step 4. Deploy your development environment.
Vagrant can quickly deploy the development environment. The following command to download Ubuntu 18.04 Vagrant image, use:
vagrant box add generic/ubuntu1804
To launch a VM using Vagrant, you’ll need to create a Vagrantfile:
mkdir ubuntu-18.04 cd ubuntu-18.04 touch Vagrantfile
Bring up the VM by running:
Then ssh to the instance with
To shutdown VM, use:
Set VM to initial state by cleaning all data
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Vagrant. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Vagrant in Debian 9 Stretch systems. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Vagrant website.