How To Install XCache for PHP on CentOS

Install XCache for PHP on CentOS

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install of XCache for PHP on CentOS. For those of you who didn’t know, XCache is an open-source opcode cacher, which means that it accelerates the performance of PHP on servers. It optimizes performance by removing the compilation time of PHP scripts by caching the compiled state of PHP scripts into the shm (RAM) and uses the compiled version straight from the RAM. This will increase the rate of page generation time by up to 5 times as it also optimizes many other aspects of PHP scripts and reduces server load.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of XCache on CentOS.

Install XCache for PHP on CentOS

Step 1. First, add EPEL yum repository to your system.

CentOS 6:

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

CentOS 7:

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-1.noarch.rpm

Step 2. Install XCache for PHP.

yum install php-xcache xcache-admin

Step 3. Configuring of XCache for PHP.

nano /etc/php.d/xcache.ini

[xcache-common]
extension = /usr/lib64/php/modules/xcache.so
[xcache]
xcache.shm_scheme =        "mmap"
xcache.size  =               32M
xcache.count =                 1
xcache.slots =                8K
xcache.ttl   =              3600
xcache.gc_interval =         300
; Same as aboves but for variable cache
; If you don't know for sure that you need this, you probably don't
xcache.var_size  =            0M
xcache.var_count =             1
xcache.var_slots =            8K
xcache.var_ttl   =             0
xcache.var_maxttl   =          0
xcache.var_gc_interval =     300
; N/A for /dev/zero
xcache.readonly_protection = Off
xcache.mmap_path =    "/dev/zero"
xcache.cacher =               On
xcache.stat   =               On

You can modify the settings in the xcache.ini file according to your needs. Detailed explanation about these settings you can find at the xCache official wesbsite.

Step 4. Restart your Nginx web server.

sudo service nginx restart

At this point, xCache should be successfully installed on your server. You can confirm that by executing the following command:

php -v
PHP 5.5.20 (cli) (built: Dec 31 2014 00:46:99)
Copyright (c) 1997-2013 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2013 Zend Technologies
with XCache v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 2005-2014, by mOo
with XCache Cacher v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 2005-2014, by mOo

Congratulations! You have successfully installed XCache for PHP. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing XCache in the CentOS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official XCache website.

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