How To Enable SSH on Debian 10 Buster

Enable SSH on Debian 10 Buster

In this tutorial, we will show you how to enable SSH on Debian 10 Buster. For those of you who didn’t know, OpenSSH (OpenBSD Secure Shell) is a connectivity tool that enables remote login via the SSH protocol, hence eliminating eavesdropping, connection hijacking, and other attacks. It helps to secure all network communications by encrypting all network traffic over multiple authentication methods through a secured tunnel.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation enable SSH on a Debian 10 (Buster) server.

Enable SSH on Debian 10 Buster

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt-get commands in the terminal:

apt update
apt upgrade

Step 2. Enable SSH on Debian 10.

You will need to install OpenSSH-Server (OpenBSD Secure Shell) which is available in Debian universal repository:

sudo apt install openssh-server

After that, you should have SSH service enabled in your system:

systemctl start sshd.service
systemctl enable sshd.service

Step 3. Advanced Configuration SSH Server.

Now sometime we may want to change some settings (for example, the port, and root login permission) . This can be done by editing the configuration file via command:

nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

The first thing you may want to do is to change the default SSH listening port. Open the file and locate the line that specifies the listening port:

Port 22

Change it to something else. For example, to 330:

Port 330

Save the file and close it. Then restart the service for the changes to take effect:

sudo systemctl restart sshd.service

Congratulations! You have successfully installed OpenSSH. Thanks for using this tutorial to enable openSSH on Debian 10 Buster server. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official SSH website.

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