How To Install Nginx on Debian 11

Install Nginx on Debian 11

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Nginx on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Nginx is a free, open-source webserver that provides HTTP, reverse proxy, caching, and load-balancing functionality. It’s a great alternative to Apache, and it’s easy to set up.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Nginx web server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

Install Nginx on Debian 11 Bullseye

Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following apt commands in the terminal:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install curl gnupg2 ca-certificates lsb-release

Step 2. Installing Nginx on Debian 11.

Now we run the following command below to install Nginx to your Debian system:

sudo apt install nginx

Output:

[email protected]:~# sudo apt install nginx
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  geoip-database libgeoip1 libnginx-mod-http-geoip
  libnginx-mod-http-image-filter
  libnginx-mod-http-xslt-filter libnginx-mod-mail
  libnginx-mod-stream libnginx-mod-stream-geoip
  nginx-common nginx-core
  Suggested packages:
  geoip-bin fcgiwrap nginx-doc

After the installation is complete, start Nginx and add it to automatically start on your system start-up using:

sudo systemctl start nginx
sudo systemctl enable nginx

Verify the installation:

nginx -v

Step 3. Configure Firewall.

Now add firewall rules to allow connections as well as HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS (port 443) traffic:

sudoufw allow 'Nginx HTTP'

Step 4. Accessing Nginx Web Server.

Once successfully installed, you should be able to view the test Nginx web page through your web browser:

http://your-server-ip-address

Install Nginx on Debian 11 Bullseye

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Nginx. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of the Nginx web server on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Nginx website.

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