For those of you who didn’t know, OwnCloud is a free and open-source software which enables you to create a private “file-hosting” cloud. OwnCloud is similar to DropBox service with the difference of being free to download and install on your private server. Owncloud made by PHP and backend database MySQL (MariaDB), SQLLite or PostgreSQL. OwnCloud also enables you to easily view and sync address book, calendar events, tasks and bookmarks. You can access it via the good looking and easy to use the web interface or install OwnCloud client on your Desktop or Laptop machine (supports Linux, Windows and Mac OSX).
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation OwnCloud 8 on Ubuntu 14.04.
Install OwnCloud 8 on Ubuntu 14.04
Step 1. First of all, log in to your server as root and make sure that all packages are up to date.
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Instal Apache web server on your Ubuntu 14.04 VPS if it is not already installed.
apt-get install apache2
Step 3. Next, install PHP on your server.
apt-get install php5 php5-mysql
Once the installation is done add the following PHP modules required by OwnCloud:
apt-get install php5-gd php5-json php5-curl php5-intl php5-mcrypt php5-imagick
Step 4. Install MySQL database server.
apt-get install mysql-server
By default, MySQL is not hardened. You can secure MySQL using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MySQL.
Step 5. Create a new MySQL database for OwnCloud using the following commands.
#mysql -u root -p Enter password: mysql> CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YOURPASSWORD'; mysql> CREATE DATABASE ownclouddb; mysql> GRANT ALL ON ownclouddb.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; mysql> exit
Step 6. Installing Owncloud 8 on Ubuntu system.
First, we will need to download the latest stable release of OwnCloud on your server (at the time version 8.0.0).
wget https://download.owncloud.org/community/owncloud-8.0.0.tar.bz2 tar -xvf owncloud-8.0.0.tar.bz2 -C /var/www/html/
Set the directory permissions:
chown www-data:www-data -R /var/www/html/owncloud/
Step 7. Configuring Apache for OwnCloud.
While configuring Apache web server, it is recommended that you to enable .htaccess to get enhanced security features, by default .htaccess is disabled in Apache server. To enable it, open your virtual host file and make AllowOverride is set to All. For example, here I used an external config file instead of modifying the main file.
### nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf <IfModule mod_alias.c> Alias /owncloud /var/www/html/owncloud </IfModule> <Directory “/var/www/html/owncloud”> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory>
Remember to restart all services related to the Apache server.
service apache2 restart
Step 8. Access OwnCloud application.
Navigate to http://your-domain.com/ and follow the easy instructions. Enter username and password for the administrator user account, click on the ‘Advanced options’ hyperlink and enter the data directory (or leave the default setting), then enter database username, database password, database name, host (localhost) and click ‘Finish setup’.