In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OwnCloud on your Debian 9. For those of you who didn’t know, OwnCloud is free and open-source software that enables you to create a private “file-hosting” cloud. OwnCloud is similar to DropBox service with the difference of being free to download and install on your private server. Owncloud is made by PHP and backend database MySQL (MariaDB), SQLLite, or PostgreSQL. OwnCloud also enables you to easily view and sync address books, calendar events, tasks, and bookmarks. You can access it via the good-looking and easy-to-use web interface or install the OwnCloud client on your Desktop or Laptop machine (which supports Linux, Windows, and macOS).
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation OwnCloud on a Debian 9 (Stretch) server.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Debian 9 (Stretch).
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
- SSH access to the server (or just open Terminal if you’re on a desktop).
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install OwnCloud on Debian 9 Stretch
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt-get commands in the terminal:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP (Linux, Apache, MariaDB, PHP) server.
A Debian 9 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, Please read our previous tutorial to install LAMP Server on Debian 9.
Step 3. Installing OwnCloud 10.
The first thing to do is to go to OwnCloud’s download page and download the latest stable version of OwnCloud, At the moment of writing this article it is version 10.0.3:
Extract Owncloud and change the permission:
tar -xvf owncloud-10.0.3.tar.bz2 mv owncloud /var/www/html/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/owncloud
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for OwnCloud.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the OwnCloud. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for OwnCloud installation:
CREATE DATABASE ownclouddb; CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'YOURPASSWORD'; GRANT ALL ON ownclouddb.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Step 5. Configure Apache Web Server for OwnCloud.
Create a new configuration file under /etc/apache2/sites-available:
Then paste these lines:
Alias /owncloud "/var/www/html/owncloud/" <Directory /var/www/html/owncloud/> Options +FollowSymlinks AllowOverride All <IfModule mod_dav.c> Dav off </IfModule> SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/owncloud SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/owncloud </Directory>
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/owncloud.conf
Execute these commands to enable some modules:
a2enmod headers a2enmod env a2enmod dir a2enmod mime
Step 6. OwnCloud Configuration.
To configure our ownCloud, we will use the web interface. So, go ahead and open up a web browser and point it to
http://server_ip_address/owncloud You should see a web page like this. Enter username and password for the administrator user account, click on the ‘Advanced options’ hyperlink and enter the data directory (or leave the default setting), then enter database username, database password, database name, host (localhost), and click ‘Finish setup’.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed OwnCloud. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing OwnCloud on Debian 9 Stretch system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official OwnCloud website.