In this tutorial, we will show you how to install pgAdmin on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, pgAdmin is a free and open-source web-based tool that provides a friendly web interface to fully manage PostgreSQL databases, and it includes several features that can help you administer and maintain databases with ease. It’s written in Python and supports many operating systems such as Linux, Windows, and macOS.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of pgAdmin on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).
Install pgAdmin on Debian 11 Bullseye
Step 1. Before we install any software, it’s important to make sure your system is up to date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install wget software-properties-common apt-transport-https gnupg gnupg2
Step 2. Installing PostgreSQL.
Before installing pgAdmin5, the PostgreSQL server must be installed on your server. Now run the following command to install it:
sudo apt install postgresql
After installing PostgreSQL, start the PostgreSQL service and enable it to start at system reboot:
sudo systemctl start postgresql sudo systemctl enable postgresql sudo systemctl status postgresql
Step 3. Installing pgAdmin on Debian 11.
By default, pgAdmin is not available to install directly from the Debian 11 base repository. Now we add the official pgAdmin repository to your system:
echo "deb https://ftp.postgresql.org/pub/pgadmin/pgadmin4/apt/$(lsb_release -cs) pgadmin4 main"\ | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgadmin4.list
Next, import the GPG key of the pgAdmin repository using the following command:
curl https://www.pgadmin.org/static/packages_pgadmin_org.pub | sudo apt-key add
After that, install pgAdmin using the following command below:
sudo apt update sudo apt install pgadmin4-web
Step 4. Configure pgAdmin.
Now we set up pgAdmin 4 before accessing it:
You will be asked to provide your Email and password to finish the configuration as shown below:
Setting up pgAdmin 4 in web mode on a Debian based platform... Creating configuration database... NOTE: Configuring authentication for SERVER mode. Enter the email address and password to use for the initial pgAdmin user account: Email address: [email protected] Password: your-strong-passwd Retype password: your-strong-passwd pgAdmin 4 - Application Initialisation ====================================== Creating storage and log directories... We can now configure the Apache Web server for you. This involves enabling the wsgi module and configuring the pgAdmin 4 application to mount at /pgadmin4. Do you wish to continue (y/n)? y << Type y and press Enter The Apache web server is running and must be restarted for the pgAdmin 4 installation to complete. Continue (y/n)? y << Type y and press Enter Apache successfully restarted. You can now start using pgAdmin 4 in web mode at http://127.0.0.1/pgadmin
Step 5. Configure Firewall.
Before you can access the pgadmin4 web interface, if you have the UFW firewall running, you need to open port 80 (HTTP) to allow incoming traffic on Apache service as follows:
sudo ufw allow 80 sudo ufw allow 443 sudo ufw status
Step 6. Access PgAdmin Web Interface.
Once successfully installed, open your web browser and type the URL
http://your-server-ip/pgadmin4 to access the pgAdmin4 web interface. You will be redirected to the pgAdmin4 login page:
Congratulations! You have successfully installed pgAdmin. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the latest version of pgAdmin on Debian 11 Bullseye. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official pgAdmin website.