How To Install Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Piwigo is a free, open-source, and photo gallery software built on the LAMP stack. It supports multiple media formats, integrated blogs, and custom pages. Piwigo is an ideal CMS tool for photographers, designers, filmmakers, and musicians.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Piwigo Photo Gallery on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install the LAMP stack.

A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now we download the latest version of Piwigo from their official website using the following command:

curl -o piwigo.zip http://piwigo.org/download/dlcounter.php?code=latest

Next, unzip the downloaded file with the following command:

unzip piwigo.zip
mv piwigo /var/www/html/piwigo

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/piwigo/
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/piwigo/

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Piwigo.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Piwigo. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Piwigo installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database piwigo_db;
MariaDB [(none)]> create user [email protected] identified by 'your-strong-passwd';
MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on piwigo_db.* to [email protected] identified by '[email protected]';
MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Piwigo.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘piwigo.conf’ on your virtual server:

touch /etc/apache2/sites-available/piwigo.conf
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/piwigo.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/piwigo.conf
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/piwigo.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin [email protected]
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/piwigo
ServerName piwigo.idroot.us

<Directory /var/www/html/piwigo/>
Options +FollowSymlinks
AllowOverride All
Require all granted
</Directory>

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Now, we can restart the Apache webserver so that the changes take place:

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2ensite piwigo.conf 
sudo systemctl restart apache2.service

Step 6. Set up HTTPS.

We should enable a secure HTTPS connection on PrestaShop. We can obtain a free TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install Let’s Encrypt client (Certbot) from Ubuntu 20.04 repository:

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Next, run the following command to obtain a free TLS certificate using the Apache plugin:

sudo certbot --apache --agree-tos --redirect --staple-ocsp --email [email protected] -d example.com

If the test is successful, reload Apache for the change to take effect:

sudo apache2ctl -t
sudo systemctl reload apache2

Step 7. Accessing Piwigo Web Interface.

Piwigo will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to https://piwigo.idroot.us and complete the required steps to finish the installation.

Install Piwigo on Ubuntu 20.04

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Piwigo. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing the Piwigo Photo Gallery on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you check the official Piwigo website.

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