In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allows them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL/MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘
sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Magento on an Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.
- A server running one of the following operating systems: Ubuntu 20.04, 18.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint or elementary OS.
- It’s recommended that you use a fresh OS install to prevent any potential issues.
non-root sudo useror access to the
root user. We recommend acting as a
non-root sudo user, however, as you can harm your system if you’re not careful when acting as the root.
Install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa
Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running the following
apt commands in the terminal.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Step 2. Install LAMP stack.
A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.
Step 3. Installing Magento on Ubuntu 20.04.
Now we download the latest Magento version from the official download page. Once downloaded, extract the downloaded file to the Apache web root directory:
mkdir /var/www/html/magento tar -xvjf magento-ce* -C /var/www/html/magento/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/magento/ chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/magento/
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the
mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
MariaDB> set global log_bin_trust_function_creators=1; MariaDB> CREATE USER 'magento'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'your-passwd'; MariaDB> create database magentodb; MariaDB> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb.* TO 'magento'@'localhost'; MariaDB> flush privileges; MariaDB> quit
Step 5. Configure Apache for Magento.
Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘
magento.conf’ on your virtual server:
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento/ ServerName magento.idroot.us ServerAlias www.magento.idroot.us <Directory /var/www/html/magento/> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common
Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effect:
sudo a2ensite magento.conf sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 6. Set up Magento with Let’s Encrypt SSL.
We’re going to install a free SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install the required packages by running this command:
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
Once the Certbot is installed, run the following command to download and install Let’s Encrypt SSL for your website:
certbot --apache -d magento.idroot.us
Step 7. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favorite browser and navigate to
magento.idroot.us and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.