How To Install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the worlds most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL/MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation Magento on an Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.

Install Magento on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

Step 1. First, make sure that all your system packages are up-to-date by running these following apt commands in the terminal.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2. Install LAMP stack.

A Ubuntu 20.04 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here.

Step 3. Installing Magento on Ubuntu 20.04.

Now we download the latest Magento version from the official download page. Once downloaded, extract the downloaded file to the Apache web root directory:

mkdir /var/www/html/magento
tar -xvjf magento-ce* -C /var/www/html/magento/

We will need to change some folders permissions:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/magento/
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/magento/

Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.

By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:

mysql_secure_installation

Configure it like this:

- Set root password? [Y/n] y
- Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
- Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
- Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
- Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:

mysql -u root -p

This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:

MariaDB> set global log_bin_trust_function_creators=1;
MariaDB> CREATE USER 'magento'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'your-passwd';
MariaDB> create database magentodb;
MariaDB> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb.* TO 'magento'@'localhost';
MariaDB> flush privileges;
MariaDB> quit

Step 5. Configure Apache for Magento.

Create a new virtual host directive in Apache. For example, create a new Apache configuration file named ‘magento.conf’ on your virtual server:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/magento.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@yourdomain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento/
ServerName magento.idroot.us
ServerAlias www.magento.idroot.us
<Directory /var/www/html/magento/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All
</Directory>
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/your-domain.com-access_log common

Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effects:

sudo a2ensite magento.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6. Set up Magento with Let’s Encrypt SSL.

We’re going to install a free SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt. Install the required packages by running this command:

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache

Once the Certbot is installed, run the following command to download and install Let’s Encrypt SSL for your website:

certbot --apache -d magento.idroot.us

Step 7. Accessing Magento.

Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to https://magento.idroot.us and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.

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