In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration WordPress on CentOS 7. For those of you who didn’t know, WordPress is an online, open-source website creation tool written in PHP. But in non-geek speak, it’s probably the easiest and most powerful blogging and website content management system (or CMS) in existence today.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo’ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation WordPress on a CentOS 7 server.
Install WordPress on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Also, install the required PHP modules for WordPress:
yum install php-gd php-xml php-xmlrpc
Step 3. Installing WordPress.
The first thing to do is to go to WordPress’s download page and download the latest stable version of WordPress, At the moment of writing this article it is version 4.4.1:
Unpack the WordPress archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip -q latest.zip -d /var/www/html/ cd wordpress cp -a * ..
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html
We need to create the upload directory manually:
mkdir -p /var/www/html/wp-content/uploads
Allow the Apache webserver to write to the uploads directory. Do this by assigning group ownership of this directory to your web server which will allow Apache to create files and directories. Issue the following command:
chown -R :apache /var/www/html/wp-content/uploads
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for WordPress.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for WordPress. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for WordPress installation:
CREATE DATABASE wordpress; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES on wordpress.* to 'wpuser'@'localhost' identified by 'your_password'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit
Step 5. Configuring WordPress
In this step we will configure the main configuration file of WordPress, where we need to configure it’s basic parameters so that it can be connected with the database and user:
mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
Now open it using any of your favourite editors, to make any changes in the WordPress configuration file:
Here are the values that we need to update according to our previous database and user’s setup:
// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** // /** The name of the database for WordPress */ define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress'); /** MySQL database username */ define('DB_USER', 'wpuser'); /** MySQL database password */ define('DB_PASSWORD', 'your_password'); /** MySQL hostname */ define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
Step 6. Configuring Apache web server for WordPress.
We will create an Apache virtual host for your WordPress website. First create ‘/etc/httpd/conf.d/vhosts.conf’ file with using a text editor of your choice:
nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/vhosts.conf IncludeOptional vhosts.d/*.conf
Next, create the virtual host:
mkdir /etc/httpd/vhosts.d/ nano /etc/httpd/vhosts.d/yourdomain.com.conf
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost YOUR_SERVER_IP:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/" ServerName yourdomain.com ServerAlias www.yourdomain.com ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-error_log" CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-access_log" combined <Directory "/var/www/html/"> DirectoryIndex index.html index.php Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Require all granted </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effects:
systemctl restart httpd.service
Next, allow the Apache ports in the server firewall:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https firewall-cmd --reload
Step 7. Accessing WordPress.
WordPress will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com or http://server-ip/ and complete the required steps to finish the installation.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed WordPress. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing WordPress CMS (Content Management Systems) on your CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official WordPress website.