In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configuration of Magento eCommerce on your CentOS 7 server. For those of you who didn’t know, Magento is one of the world’s most widely used applications for managing E-Commerce sites. Magento is fully customizable to meet the user’s requirements and allowing them to create and launch a fully functional online store in minutes. Magento employs the MySQL relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.
This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple. I will show you through the step by step installation Magento in CentOS 7.
Install Magento on CentOS 7
Step 1. First, let’s start by ensuring your system is up-to-date.
yum -y update
Step 2. Install LAMP server.
A CentOS 7 LAMP server is required. If you do not have LAMP installed, you can follow our guide here. Magento requires php-mcrypt, but that package isn’t readily available in CentOS 7. You must add other repositories that contain the package in order to use:
yum install php-mcrypt
Step 3. Installing Magento.
The first thing to do is to go to Magento’s download page and download the latest stable version of Magento, At the moment of writing this article it is version 126.96.36.199:
Unpack the Magento archive to the document root directory on your server:
unzip magento*.zip cp -rf magento/* /var/www/html/
We will need to change some folders permissions:
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/ chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/
Step 4. Configuring MariaDB for Magento.
By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script. you should read and below each step carefully which will set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, and remove the test database and access to secure MariaDB:
Configure it like this:
- Set root password? [Y/n] y - Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y - Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y - Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
Next, we will need to log in to the MariaDB console and create a database for the Magento. Run the following command:
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for a password, so enter your MariaDB root password and hit Enter. Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for Magento installation:
mysql> CREATE DATABASE magentodb; mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON magentodb . * TO magentouser@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Step 5. Configuring Apache web server for Magento.
We will create an Apache virtual host for your Magento website. Edit your ‘/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf’ file using a text editor of your choice:
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/www/html/ ServerName yourdomain.com ServerAlias www.yourdomain.com <Directory /var/www/html/> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews AllowOverride All Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-error_log CustomLog /var/log/httpd/yourdomain.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Save and close the file. Restart the apache service for the changes to take effects:
systemctl restart httpd.service
Step 6. Configure PHP for Magento.
Now here we should allow Magento to use enough PHP memory (it is recommended that PHP should be allowed 512 MB of RAM). To do that, run the commands below to open the configuration file:
Search for the line ‘memory_limit‘ in the file:
memory_limit = 128M ### and change the value to 512 ### memory_limit = 512M
Step 7. Accessing Magento.
Magento will be available on HTTP port 80 by default. Open your favourite browser and navigate to http://yourdomain.com/ or http://server-ip and complete the required steps to finish the installation. If you are using a firewall, please open port 80 to enable access to the control panel.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Magento. Thanks for using this tutorial for installing Magento eCommerce on your CentOS 7 system. For additional help or useful information, we recommend you to check the official Magento website.